Most of Mexico’s national monuments are located in Mexico City, and they run the gamut from cathedrals and statues to ancient temples and contemporary museums. Many of these commemorate important events in the country’s history and freedom.Mexico City is a capital that’s not short on statues and monuments; from those which honor past revolutionaries, to those paying homage to actors, singers and writers, there are literally hundreds to check out and far too many to name in detail in this guide. Located 30 miles northeast of Mexico City in the Valley of Mexico, Teotihuacán is one of Mexico’s most popular archaeological sites and contains some of the largest pyramidal structures built in the pre-Columbia Americas.
List of Monuments in Mexico
- Monumento a la Revolución
The most well-known and recognizable monument which calls Mexico City home is the Monumento a la Revolución. At 220 feet tall, the Monumento a la Revolución is the tallest triumphal arch in the world. And while many people admire it as they explore downtown Mexico City, not everyone realizes how much is going on inside this huge monument to the Mexican Revolution.
2. Fuente de Cibeles
The fountain of Cibeles in Mexico City is a bronze replica of the fountain located in the Plaza de Cibeles in Madrid that was built during the reign of Charles III by architect Ventura Rodríguez between 1777 and 1792. The Mexican version is located at a traffic circle in Plaza Villa de Madrid, where Oaxaca, Durango, Medellín and El Oro streets converge in Colonia Roma. One of Mexico City’s most emblematic landmarks, this statue was first installed in 1980 and depicts the Roman goddess Cybele pulled in a carriage drawn by lions.
Located in southern Mexico, the ruins of the Mayan city of Palenque date back to 100 BC although its name is recently modern coming from the village located close by. The ancient name of the city was Lakam Ha, meaning “Big Water”, as it has numerous springs and wide cascades. Palenque flourished in the 7th century with its decline and fall occurring around 800 AD. After its decline it was covered by the jungle but on going excavation and restoration work has made it one of the most famous archaeological sites in Mexico.
Although there was a city in this location as far back as 600 AD Chichen Itza really developed in the 9th century when the cities of Palenque and Tikel were deserted by the Mayas who moved north into the eastern part of Yucatán. It was, however, in the 10th century that the city was to become one of the largest Mayan cities that was to dominate the area from central Yucatán to the north coast and down the east and west coasts of the peninsula. It was to retain its dominance for 200 years.
Although a great deal of work has been carried out at Uxmal – and in fact is still being carried out – not a lot is known about the city. It is believed that it was founded around 500 AD and that most of its development occurred between 700 – 1000 AD when it became a thriving city and a religious centre with great ceremonial significance. The layout of the buildings suggests knowledge of astronomy by its planners. At its peak Uxmal had a population of around 25,000 inhabitants. Around 1000 AD the city was invaded by the Toltec’s and it started to decline, it was abandoned around 1200 AD.